Macular Degeneration is a term for degenerative disease of the macula region, the area used for central vision at the back of the eye.

Macular degeneration

Macular Degeneration is the term used for a variety of diseases which cause degeneration of the central area of the retina, termed the macula. This area is important for your central vision, especially to read, recognize faces and other fine detail.

Most commonly Macular Degeneration is age related, with it occurring later in life, however, there are other types which may occur at a young age or earlier age due to genetic predisposition.

The most common types are Wet and Dry Macular Degeneration or MD. These refer to the disease processes in the retina, which is the back layer of the eye which catches images passing through the eye to send to the brain, like the film in a camera.

Dry MD commonly refers to gradual loss of vision from deposits in the retina which may eventually cause retinal cell death.

Wet MD is a common cause of sudden loss of vision or distortion and can happen with or without a period of having Dry MD. It is sudden fluid leakage of blood vessel constituents into the retina. If left untreated may have severe visual consequences.


Both types may cause irreversible vision loss and you may not realise you even have the early signs of the disease. Hence, it is important to have regular eye exams to check for macular degeneration as visual prognosis is often better the earlier the management.

There are a few ways to prevent of Macular Degeneration.

  • Regular eye health check ups
  • Cessation of smoking
  • Sun protective eye-wear
  • Keep a healthy lifestyle

If you have any questions or concerns about prevention ask your GP, Optometrist or talk to one of our surgeons.

Depending on the type of Macular Degeneration, there may be treatment available.

Commonly the modes of treatment are injections or laser treatment. Our surgeons are skilled in these treatments and they’re able to be conducted in our rooms.

Contact Specialist Eye Surgeons